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AUTOIMMUNE INNER EAR DISEASE
Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) is an inflammatory condition of the inner ear. It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks cells in the inner ear that are mistaken for a virus or bacteria. AIED is a rare disease occurring in less than one percent of the 28 million Americans with a hearing loss.
SYMPTOMS OF AIED
The symptoms of AIED are sudden hearing loss in one ear progressing rapidly to the second ear. The hearing loss can progress over weeks or months. Patients may feel fullness in the ear and experience vertigo. In addition, a ringing, hissing or roaring sound in the ear may be experienced. Diagnosis of AIED is difficult and is often mistaken for otitis media until the patient develops a loss in the second ear. One diagnostic test that is promising is the Western Blot Immunoassay.
TREATMENT FOR AIED
Most patients with AIED respond to the initial treatment of steroids, prednisone and methotrexate (a chemotherapy agent). Some patients may benefit from the use of hearing aids. If patients are unresponsive to drug therapy and hearing loss persists, a cochlear implant maybe considered.
This information is for guidance only and should not constitute medical advice. Adapted from from AAO-HNS – entnet.org.
EAR AND HEARING DISORDERS WE TREAT
Our ENT providers are compassionate and skilled in diagnosing and treating a wide range of ear and hearing disorders. Please click on the links below to learn more. For more information about any of these disorders and conditions or for questions about a condition not listed here, please contact us to schedule an appointment.
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